Saturday, June 20, 2020
The you-write-it-IÃ¢â¬â¢ll-sign-it letter is a complete waste, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s understandable why schools donÃ¢â¬â¢t want it. In an effort to streamline and simplify the letter of recommendation writing process, a few top business schools with the cooperation of GMAC have released the new Common Letter of Recommendation. This is an initiative, according to the GMAC website, to Ã¢â¬Å"help reduce the burden of asking for Ã¢â¬â and submitting Ã¢â¬â letters of recommendation.Ã¢â¬ The Common LOR will provide a single set of questions for recommenders whose answers will be sent to participating schools. Recommenders win because they wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be over-tasked with writing multiple letters for multiple schools for multiple students, and applicants win because theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll be more comfortable requesting letters from their busy mentors, professors, or employers. Ã Participating schools (per the Ross admissions blog) include Michigan Ross, Cornell Johnson, NYU Stern, and Stanford GSB. Other schools are expected to join these in the coming year. Isser Gallogly, Assistant Dean of MBA Admissions at NYU Stern School of Business, clarified that this year NYU Stern is using the open-ended questions from the Common LOR, but not the form in its entirety. You can view the Common Letter of Recommendation Template (PDF) here. It is available in English, Chinese, Korean, and German, and GMAC hopes to add additional languages in the future. For U.S. schools, recommendations are normally submitted in English. However, by making the form available in multiple languages, GMAC hopes to reduce the potential for misunderstandings by recommenders who are not native English speakers. The form asks recommenders to rate applicants on 16 Ã¢â¬Å"competencies and character traitsÃ¢â¬ that are important to leadership and management. The competencies are divided into four groups: 1. Achievement Ã¢â¬ ¢ Initiative Ã¢â¬ ¢ Results Orientation Ã¢â¬ ¢ Communication Ã¢â¬ ¢ Influence and Collaboration Ã¢â¬ ¢ Professional Impression, Poise, and Presence 2. Influence Ã¢â¬ ¢ Respect for Others Ã¢â¬ ¢ Team Leadership Ã¢â¬ ¢ Developing Others Ã¢â¬ ¢ Change Leadership 3. Personal Qualities Ã¢â¬ ¢ Trustworthiness/Integrity Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Adaptability/Resilience Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Self-awareness 4. Cognitive Abilities Ã¢â¬ ¢ Information Seeking Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Analytical Thinking Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Problem Solving Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã Strategic Orientation In addition, recommenders are asked to respond to the following three questions: 1. Please provide a brief description of your interaction with the applicant and, if applicable, the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s role in your organization. (50 words) 2. How does the performance of the applicant compare to that of other well-qualified individuals in similar roles? (E.g. what are the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s principal strengths?) (500 words) 3. Describe the most important piece of constructive feedback you have given the applicant. Please detail the circumstances and the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s response. (500 words) My Thoughts Accepted consultant Natalie Grinblatt Epstein, a former admissions director and GMAC volunteer, emailed me yesterday that she had tried for years when she was an admissions director to institute a common LOR system through GMAC. She hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t been successful. Fast forward a decade or so. After the 2013 AIGAC survey revealed that almost 40% of MBA applicants were asked to draft their own letters of recommendation for their recommendersÃ¢â¬â¢ signature, schools realized there was a problem with the authenticity (and value) of the recommendations they were receiving. Some programs decided for the 2014 and 2015 application cycle to ask the same long-form questions of recommenders. Their intent was the same as that announced on GMACÃ¢â¬â¢s Common LOR page: reduce the burden of asking for Ã¢â¬â and submitting Ã¢â¬â letters of recommendation. This yearÃ¢â¬â¢s move to a Common Letter of Recommendation form is long overdue in MBA admissions. I applaud the four pilot schools and GMAC for taking the initiative on this. The questions posed are excellent. Although the length of the form is a little intimidating, the ratings wonÃ¢â¬â¢t take a lot of time. Drafting the two 500-word responses will take more time, but at least they can be used for multiple schools, and in the future if things go as they should, most or all schools. The writing requested of recommenders is ironic because some programs with more restrictive word limits, will end up seeing more of the recommendersÃ¢â¬â¢ writing than the applicantsÃ¢â¬â¢. But thatÃ¢â¬â¢s the way it is when many programs prevent or at best strongly discourage applicants from submitting anything approaching 1000 words. Moving away from that unintended consequence and looking at the hoped for result of the Common Letter of Recommendation: If the recommendations are less burdensome, students will have an easier time requesting the favor of providing the recommendations from their bosses and colleagues, and recommenders will be less likely to ask applicants to draft them. Ã The Common LOR will reduce the you-write-it-IÃ¢â¬â¢ll-sign-it syndrome, but it wonÃ¢â¬â¢t eliminate it. 1000 words areÃ still a lot to ask of time-pressed recommenders. Since the whole point of the recommendation is to get another partyÃ¢â¬â¢s perspective on the applicantÃ¢â¬â¢s candidacy, you-write-it-IÃ¢â¬â¢ll-sign-it is a complete waste, and itÃ¢â¬â¢s understandable why schools donÃ¢â¬â¢t want it. The new common recommendation will make the system work more effectively and give the schools more of what they want while easing the burden on recommenders and applicants. And who knows, maybe someday schools will want to hear as much from applicants as they do from recommenders. ; Related Resources: Ã¢â¬ ¢ MBA Letter of Recommendation Assistance Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã How Not to Ask for a Letter of Recommendation Ã¢â¬ ¢Ã UT McCombs Now Allows LinkedIn Recommendations
Monday, May 18, 2020
1. DSM-5 Diagnosis a. Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD)- DSM-5 301.7 (F60.2) Ruling out Alcohol Use Disorder- DSM-5 305.00 (F10.10) Mild Cannabis Use Disorder-DSM-5 305.20 (F12.10) Mild b. Justification Based on the description of PeterÃ¢â¬â¢s symptomatology, the appropriate diagnosis is Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD). As indicated by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) (2013). As described by Peter, his physical injuries are a broken nose and black eye which he claims was inflicted by his fiancÃ ©e. PeterÃ¢â¬â¢s aloof mannerism is another factor that was considered to form his diagnosis. As an introverted individual, Peter does not demonstrate any sympathy towards others individualÃ¢â¬â¢s rights and property. Peter has demonstrated deviant and criminal behaviors by utilizing assumed names, burglary of other individuals property, exhibits no remorse for his violation of others property and/or feelings. He also does not have the capacity to be self-supporting. This is evident by Peter s partner, Wendy, who believed PeterÃ¢â¬â¢s assertion that he was an independent computer consultant and an Ivy League graduate. She later discovered Peter was a high school dropout and a Gulf War veteran. PeterÃ¢â¬â¢s criminal behavior began at age three, when he was taught by his brotherÃ¢â¬â¢s how to steal money from his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s bureau. His propensity for stealing resulted in him being accused of stealing a car, television and multiple laptops from hisShow MoreRelatedDiagnosis Of Antisocial Personality Disorder ( Aspd )1087 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1. DSM-5 Diagnosis a. Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD)- DSM-5 301.7 (F60.2) Ruling out Alcohol Use Disorder- DSM-5 305.00 (F10.10) Mild Cannabis Use Disorder-DSM-5 305.20 (F12.10) Mild b. Justification Based on the description of PeterÃ¢â¬â¢s symptomatology, the appropriate diagnosis is Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD). As indicated by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) (2013). As described by Peter, his physical injuries are a broken noseRead MoreThe Common Occurrences Of Comorbidity Between The Disorder1401 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesis an overlap between the personality clusters. The most significant comorbidity occurrences with ASPD include paranoid personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (Out of the Fog, 2015) See figure 4 (Appendix C). Furthermore, additional studies are suggesting that 67% of those diagnosed (DSM-IV) with a personality disorder also met the criteria for at least one other mental disorder. Antisocial personality disorder has often been found to coexistRead MoreAntisocial Personality Disorder ( Aspd )1432 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Antisocial Personality Disorder Among the vast things studied in the field of psychology lies psychological disorders. These psychological disorders can simply be defined as psychological functions that can be unhealthy and even harmful to a person (Gerrig, 2005). And because this disorders can cause damage to a person it is important to understand them, both to aid a person in this situation or get the correct help if the victim is oneself. There is a vast number of psychological disorders, howeverRead MoreEffects Of Antisocial Personality Disorder On Society1468 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEFFECTS OF ANTISOCIAL PERSONALITY DISORDER The Cause and Effect on Society from being diagnosed with the condition from Adolescence to Adulthood Antisocial Personality Disorder There have been several studies done to demonstrate the condition known as Antisocial Personality Disorder. Around the 19th century it was called, with what the doctors would in the beginning refer to as moral insanity (National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health, 1970). When doctors first came across individualsRead MoreAntisocial Personality Disorder ( Adhd )1309 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Antisocial Personality Disorder Kevin Adams Medgar Ever CollegeÃ¢â¬Æ' Antisocial Personality Disorder is often wrongly called sociopathy or psychopathy although both sociopathy and psychopathy are not recognized professional labels for the diagnosis. Antisocial may not be the best way to describe the disorder because it implies shyness and people who suffer from the disorder tend to be more outgoing, charming and pragmatic. The term came about because the disorder is Ã¢â¬Å"anti-society. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s behaviorRead MoreThe Correlation between Child Maltreatment and the Development of Antisocial Personality Disorder1557 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagestoward antisocial behavior. Of these environmental triggers, childhood abuse may be the most important of situational factors. Understanding antisocial personalities in individuals with biological susceptibility to antisocial behaviors and those who experienced maltreatment in a hostile environment would be at a high risk for developing antisocial personality disorder. Although the diagnosis is limited to those persons over eighteen years of age, it usually involves a history of antisocial behaviorRead MoreAntisocial Personality Disorder And Incarcerated Individuals1427 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAntisocial Personality Disorder and Incarcerated Individuals Long-term patterns of manipulating, exploiting, or violating the rights of others are qualities that are often related to criminal behavior. This is a mental condition that is defined as Antisocial Personality Disorder by the U.S. National Library of Medicine. Antisocial Personality Disorder, or otherwise known as ASPD, is a disorder that fits into two essential categories: psychopathy and sociopathy. ASPD can be caused by many deformationsRead MoreThe Effects Of Antisocial Personality Disorder ( Aspd ) Essay1386 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageshealth disorder called Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD). Most of these professionals will agree that much more attention should be given to this matter since it can have fatal outcomes. The public and the media eye alike, might not realize the serious impact that this mental disorder can have on the general public. This literature review will examine what ASPD is, symptoms, possible causes, diagnosis, treatment, and how the public eye views this matter. Antisocial personality disorder (ASPD)Read MoreThe Personality Disorder Of The Mayo Clinic2173 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesdiagnosed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edition) as a Personality Disorder. A Personality Disorder as defined by the Mayo Clinic is a type of mental disorder in which you have a rigid and unhealthy pattern of thinking, functioning and behaving. They are typically grouped into three clusters (A, B, and C), with a total of 10 disorders in all. The fascinating thing about the people with personality disorders is they are oblivious to the fact that they have one; everythingRead MoreAntisocial Personality Disorder ( Aspd ) Essay2393 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAntisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) To be considered antisocial is to isolate oneself from general social conditions and demonstrate behaviors that deviate from the social societal norm. Antisocial Personality disorder describes an individual that lacks values and habitually violates societal standards in regards to ethics and social behavior. Individuals with this disorder can be described to lack empathy, act impulsively, and have flagrant disregard for other people. It is hard for them to
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In May 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act which forced Native American tribes to move west. Some Indians left swiftly, while others were forced to to leave by the United States Army. Some were even taken away in chains. Andrew Jackson, the seventh president of the United States, strongly reinforced this act. In the Second State of the Union Address, Jackson advocated his Indian Policy. There was controversy as to whether the removal of the Native Americans was justified under the administration of President Andrew Jackson. In my personal opinion, as a Native American, the removal of the tribes was not in any way justified. The removal of the Native Americans was an egocentric move on JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s part. Jackson was only able toÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Jackson felt the removal of the Cherokees from our land was justified because the government was paying for everything. Money can not compensate for the blood that was shed by our ancestors. When some Indian tribes did not leave the land, federal troops came to Georgia to remove the tribes forcibly. Cherokees resisted leaving their land until the bitter finish. Cherokees were marched by gunpoint which was known as the infamous Trail of Tears. Many died due to the horrid conditions, including my great grandmother. Any sensible person would have considered the consequences of these actions. Jackson tried to make the trade seem peaceful and reasonable, but there is nothing sane about the Trail of Tears. Ã¢â¬Å"The consequence of a speedy removal will be important to the United States, and to the Indians themselvesÃ¢â¬ (91). If Jackson really cared about our well being, like he claimed, why would he allow the horrific Trail of Tears to persist? This exhibits Jacksons insincerity and disregard for the inhuman conditions my ancestors had endure. A main argument Andrew Jackson had was that the Indian Removal Act was only a continuation of a change that was already happened, Ã¢â¬Å"The present policy of the government is but a continuation of the same progressive change by a milder processÃ¢â¬ (93). He then continued to state how the tribes that previously occupied the eastern states were annihilated to make room for the whites. This was a transparentShow MoreRelatedThe Indian Removal Act By Andrew Jackson877 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages In the 1830s, The Indian Removal Act was passed, which forced Native tribes such as the Cherokee to move to the west of the Mississippi River. President JacksonÃ¢â¬â¢s actions of the Indian Removal Act lead to the trail of tears, where many Native Americans died along the way. This paper will analyze and explain the different perspectives of the Indian Removal Act. Andrew Jackson discusses that the obligation to help the Ã¢â¬ËsavageÃ¢â¬â¢ Native Americans to become civilized and to settle them in the West.Read MoreKayleigh Poudrier. Hist 221-002. Professor Marram. 31 March1704 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesKayleigh Poudrier HIST 221-002 Professor Marram 31 March 2017 It is hard to imagine what it must have felt like to be the Cherokee Indians in the year of 1838. However, in order for one to try to come to some sort of empathetic conclusion, it may be necessary to imagine themselves living and growing up somewhere their whole lives in a place that they love. They would need to imagine having such strong connections to the place that they have called their home and the land surrounding it, and beingRead MoreThe American Revolution Of 1775 And The Separation Of America1263 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAfter the American Revolution of 1775 to 1783 and the separation of America and Britain, America had the power to create their own form of government. This was democracy, where the citizensÃ¢â¬â¢ decisions affected how the country was ran and what principles were put into place. Documents such as the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution were created to inform the public of what guidelines and regulations the new nation needed in order to prosper . In this representative government, peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s rightsRead MoreAnalysis Of Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee Essay1320 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBury My Heart at Wounded Knee is a non-fiction book written by Dee Brown on the removal and extinction of the native peoples that called America their home. The title was created by utilizing a line from Stephen Vincent BenÃ ©tÃ¢â¬â¢s poem Ã¢â¬Å"American NamesÃ¢â¬ . Furthermore, the book demonstrates the deteriorating relations between the natives and whites over time through the descriptions of atrocities imposed upon each Native American tribe by the white settlers. The number of these atrocities greatly outnumbersRead MoreThe Concept Of American National Identity Essay1386 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe concept of American national identity has been one of the founding structures that unifies the group of people that that call and consider themselves to be American. Since the Ã¢â¬Å"foundersÃ¢â¬ of this nation settled in New England t heir patriotism has been celebrated. The legendary story of how the Puritan Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock seeking religious freedom is often taught to young children as a way to help them learn one of the key narratives in the formation of the nation. The story is evenRead MoreThe Long, Bitter Trail, Andrew Jackson And The Indians Essay1292 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthat the AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s were there, natives to the American lands were already here and thriving. As the land was discovered, more and more people from the European side of the Hemisphere traveled across the Atlantic Ocean to stake a claim for land in this newfound world. Throughout these Europeans settling in, and making new homes and lives for themselves these natives stayed to their own ways, and were slowly pushed westward. The problems between the Indians and now Americans were brought to the forefrontRead MoreThe Indian Removal Act1796 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAs American settlers had continued to populate the expans ive land the United States of America which had lay before them, the Native Americans, who had resided there for hundreds of years prior to the Revolutionary War, had become increasingly troubled with every passing moment. Soon, they realized, they would be overtaken entirely by the settlers of the newfound nation. As such, in 1830, the Congress of the United States had passed the Indian Removal Act, which had forced all Native American tribesRead MoreThe Indian Removal Act By President Jackson1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesas Manifest Destiny by John C. Calhoun and the message promoting the Indian Removal Act by President Jackson, which uses various appeals and logical fallacies to persuade the audience on the ideal benefits and optimistic virtues without the consideration of the Native American demographic. While expanding, the Americans encountered numerous Native Americans that ranged from a violent interaction to a peaceful treaty of removal in order to satisfy the AmericanÃ¢â¬â ¢s territorial cupidity. Despite AmericaRead MoreThe Horrors Behind Cherokee Removal967 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHorrors Behind Cherokee Removal The day the colonists first set foot on American soil marked the beginning of an arduous struggle for Native Americans. When the colonists first arrived, there were ten million Native Americans; over the next three centuries, over 90% of the entire population was wiped out due to the white man. The removal of Native Americans marks a humiliating period of United States history. President Andrew Jackson attempted to consolidate the Native Americans when he told them Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ËcircumstancesRead MoreThe New World974 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages Impressions are perhaps the only valuable information one has to tackle the unknown. Much like To understand the Genesis of stereotypes one must first understand what stereotypes are. In Celluloids Indians Jacquelyn Kilpatrick describes stereotypes as such, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬Ë [s] tereotypes are evaluative concepts about status and roles and as such are central to interpreting and evaluating social groups including oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â¢ (xvi) Kilpatrick explores Ã¢â¬Å"the social, ideological and political constructionÃ¢â¬ (xvi) of
Question: Discuss about the Organizational Behaviour and Culture Depends. Answer: Introduction Organizational culture is termed as the unique personality, which the organization follows in order to attain its objectives. Organizational culture is a system in which the firm shares the values, beliefs and the ways in which the members of the company are governed. The shared values of the organization help in overcoming the hindrances and challenges that are faced within the framework. The policies, practices, principles of an organization form its culture. It is essential for an employee to understand the culture and adjust to it well to deliver his level best and win managements appreciation (Chhokar, Brodbeck and House 2013). The organizational culture depends upon various characteristics that range according to the priority of the organization. Each organization has a different value towards the characteristics. This helps in defining the unique culture of the organization (Awadh and Alyahya 2013). The members of the organization make the necessary amendments based on the pri or aspects of the organization, thereby maintaining the work culture of the firm. It is quite vital for the management and the leadership framework of the organization to be efficient enough to choose the vital and prior characteristics of the organization that would maintain the goals of the organization along with its perceived set of values (Hogan and Coote 2014). In this report, the case study of Walmart has been analysed, in order to analyse the organizational culture of the firm. The model that has been chosen to frame the report is Scheins model. According to this model, the organizational framework has been divided into three levels, namely, basic underlying assumptions, espoused values and artifacts. The management and leadership framework of Walmart would be analysed based on the three levels of Scheins model. The conflicts and negotiations that the firm has come across while framing its design and structure will be taken into consideration. This report would help in attaining the issues that prevail within the firm, thereby providing a scope for further negotiations and improvements. Background of the Organization Walmart is a multinational company with its headquarters in United States of America. The company has been founded in the 1962, and has been dealing in retail management since then. The organization is considered as one of the best retail stores around the world that deals with wide range of products. The company has been considered as the largest company around the globe on the fortune global 500 list. The organization has employed around 2.2 million employees until date (Walmart.com. 2017). The organizational structure of the organization specifies the business activities, which prevails within the association. The organizational structure creates limitations depending upon the process in which the problems are addressed within the firm. The organizational culture of Walmart analyses the way the responses are gained by the employees at times of challenges in the workplace. The resilience for human resources in the organization depends upon the mindset supported through the organiza tional culture. The history of Walmart is crucial enough to maintain the success of the organizational structure and culture, thereby bringing up the competitive advantage an success in the firm. The leadership position of the firm in the retail industry and its potential long term success are important to link the combination of the companys structure and culture. Walmart possesses a hierarchical organizational structure. Their structure comprises of two features, one is hierarchical based and the other is function based. The hierarchy feature pertains in obtaining the vertical line of command and authority in the firm whereas, the function based structure helps in fulfilling the criteria of various functions to be analysed in the organization (Wiewiora et al. 2013). Walmart has an extensive system of managers who help the organization in supporting the hierarchy function based structure efficiently. Their management and leadership qualities are efficient enough in influencing the entire organization in a positive manner. It develops new and efficient strategies that help the organization in achieving its target. The management system of the organization monitors and control s the subordinates (Babnik et al. 2014). One of the drawbacks faced by the organization structure is that, it does not support the organizational flexibility. It gets quite difficult for the lower levels of the organization to adjust and communicate with the middle and the corporate manages of Walmart headquarters. The organizational culture is supported by four main components. The components of the organization act as a guide for the employees behaviours. The organization aims at providing eminent support to the customers, respect the individuals, strive for excellence and action with integrity (Wiewiora et al. 2013). One of the basic priorities of the organization is to provide the best services to the customers along with the recognition of the contribution made by the employees towards the organization. The firm strives for excellence in its field where the performance of the individuals, teams and the entire organization is managed efficiently (By, Armenakis and Burnes 2015). The organization supports the virtues of honesty, impartiality and fairness while taking decisions for the firm. Scheins Model Scheins Model was developed by Edgar Henry Scheins deals with the culture within an organization (Fullan 2014). According to the model, organizational culture deals with the beliefs and values prevailing within the concerned organization. Edgar felt that there are both direct and indirect mechanisms prevailing within the organization. Behaviour, status, opinions and appointments directly influence the organizational culture model. The indirect mechanisms that affect the organizational culture are those, which do not affect the organization in a direct approach (Denison, Nieminen and Kotrba 2014). The aspects are the mission and visions statements of the firm, the guidelines framed by the organization, design and the rituals. In order to analyse the organizational culture in a broader and vivid aspect, Edgar had divided the model into three levels. These three levels are mainly artifacts and symbols, espoused values and assumptions. Artifacts and symbols: the artifacts are considered as the surface of the organization. They are considered as the visible elements of the firm, which considers the logo, architecture, structure, processes and the corporate clothing of the firm (Alvesson and Sveningsson 2015). The visible aspects of the organization affect the culture in a major way. It is not only visible by the employees but also to the external parties of the firm. Espoused values: espoused values are concerned with the standards, rules of conduct and values of the firm. The process in which new strategies are formulated and implemented in the organization falls under this aspect (Azanza, Moriano and Molero 2013). It is quite important for the managers to maintain the alignment with the employees, as it is necessary to maintain the coalition within these two aspects of the firm to attain success. Basic underlying assumptions: this aspect of the model deals with the organizational culture and are hence considered as self evident and unconscious behaviour of the firm. This level of culture is considered as the basis in which the foundation of the firm has been created (Landy and Conte 2016). The underlying assumptions are intangible and are better understood by those who are well aware with the culture prevailing in the organization. These are the invisible aspects of the firm that would not be mentioned anywhere. It is an abstract effect associated to the organizational culture, which is analysed with experience (Hofstede 2014). This aspect is a powerful level of the culture prevailing within the firm. Management and Leadership The management and the leadership team of Walmart are quite well structured and efficient. Two forms of leadership that prevails in the organization are the transactional and transformational leadership. Transformational leadership is one form of leadership style that deals with the changes in the life of the people and the society in which the leader or the manager operates (Iriana, Buttle and Ang 2013). This form of leadership aims at bringing changes in the life of the subordinates. It further helps in making their life better and more fruitful. Transactional leadership is focussed on various transactions that the leader or manager of the firm makes with her subordinates. Transformational leadership form is considered as an important leadership criteria of Walmart. Mr. Sam walters, the founder of Walmart is a visionary and transformational leader of the organization. The official and the top managers visit the stores of the organization on a regular note, which helps them gain information regarding the current scenario of the organization. The managers of the organization are well aware of the ground realities that persist in the firm. This helps them in taking better decisions about the firm (Knight 2014). The manager team of Walmart are not adverse in taking big decisions regarding the firm, that would lay a major impact overall organization. The actions that are undertaken by the organization are totally based on the feedbacks of the consumers. The decisions regarding the closure of certain operations of the firm in places, the managers and the heads of the firm also took where the cost of the company was more (Zhu et al. 2016). This shows that the management and the leadership structure of the firm were well acquainted with all the major right of the firms in order to take the decisions that could affect the organization on a greater note. Transformational leadership of Walmart consists of the ideas in order to frame the strategies to be executed by the transactional leadership framework (Eisenberg, Goodall and Trethewey 2013). This aspect of the organization deals with the ideas plans and policies that must be analysed thereby focussing on the betterment of the organization. The transformational leadership characteristics that prevail in the management aspect of the organization analyses various responsibilities where the firm has a good balance of control and standards at one hand and freedom at the other. Walmart even has various successful leaders in the organization, which helps in improving the scenario of the organization. Being one of the well-known organization in the retail industry, the organization is well aware of how the systematic steps must be involved in accessing the targets of the firm (Kummerow and Kirby 2013). The management and leadership aspect of the firm is very well structured, that provides an incentive for Walmart to achieve its goals easily. The goals of the firm is aligned with the raise in its revenue and market share along with maintain the internal culture of the firm. With the efficient form of leadership, Walmart has been able to attain supremacy in such aspects. There prevail some loopholes in the organizational structure and culture. These conflicts are analysed in the next section of the study. Conflicts and Negotiations Walmart is a multinational organization that exercises its operations in various parts of the world. Being operated in different countries, it acknowledges the need of the organization in overcoming various cultures around the globe. In spite of trying their best to figure out the various strategies that could be analysed to overcome the cultural differences in the organization, there has been various cultural conflicts. These cultural conflicts have decreased the profitability of the organization to a level, which is beyond the expectations of the organization (Prevos and Watson 2013). Keeping the Scheinss model in mind, the cultural conflicts and negotiations faced by Walmart in terms of cultural disputes would be analysed in this section. This would help in acknowledging the areas where the organization could have improved to attain stability. Artifacts and symbols: Based on visible aspects of the organization, Walmart deals with some merits and demerits. The logo used by Walmart along with its tagline quite clearly represents of how they want to provide best services to the customers. They use the line save money, live better, which states how the organization prioritises the needs of the customers. The architectural facilities provided by the organization along with its spacious retail outlets through a major impact on the consumers of the organizations. The workplace of the organization possesses various adversities in cultural aspect. In this context, it gets quite difficult for the management team to look over the work process at different parts of the world. Walmart is handled in a hierarchical functional structure, where the heads manager of the firm is solely responsible to take the major decisions regarding the firm. It gets quite difficult for the firm to advance its issues from the retail stores of some other co untries to the man heads of the organization mainly situated in the headquarters (Reiman and Rollenhagen 2014). Hence, it could be stated that though the artefacts used by the organization in order to overcome the cultural differences is quite achievable, yet there are some drawbacks, which still prevails. Espoused values: the code of conduct followed by the organization while entering into international markets is quite well planned in nature. The managers of the firm utilize a set of strategies that would make the encounter in the international market quite smooth in nature. Various drawbacks prevail within the managerial skills of the organization that raises a bar against the embracement of new culture in the firm (Singh and Chalil 2013). The company holds optimistic views about the change in cultural influence of the people of other countries. Yet, the cultural influences within the organization affect the success and failure of the firm. The cultural aspect changes from time to time and from place to place. It gets quite difficult for the senior heads of the firm to overcome the hindrances and attain similar code of conduct and responsibilities for all the retail outlets over the world. This incapability of overcoming the incompetency in the organization would affects the future prospects of expansion in the organization up to a certain level. Basic underlying assumptions: corporate culture helps in seeking the responsibility of great power within the firm. The invisible aspects prevailing within the organization can be analysed only when the employees have gained enough experience of working under the firm. With the vast diversities in the cultural aspects within the organization, it gets quite difficult for the managers of the firm to manage the basic underlying values of the firm (Whelan 2015). These invisible factors of the organization are quite tough to be analysed, as the employees are not well aware regarding the basic cultural aspects of the firm. Recommendation By analysing the organizational structure and culture of the Walmart retail organization, using the Scheinss model, various conflicts among the managerial and leadership aspects of the firms has been framed. One of the major issues that are faced by the organization is that the firm is considered as one of the largest retail firms in the world which has the employment capacity of a large number of people. Hence, it gets quite difficult for the managers of the firm to analyse all the issues prevailing within the organization. With huge diversities in the cultural aspects of various countries, Walmart finds it difficult to attract both consumer and employees towards it. Hence, in order to overcome such challenges, the duties of the managers and leaders should be divided depending upon the area of the stores. The senior authority being the major head of firm creates a gap of miscommunication within the firm. Hence, in order to overcome such issues, the organization must thereby divide i ts functional structure into various sub heads. These sub heads must belong to the country, in which the Walmart store prevails. They would analyse the issues existing among the organization more efficiently and effectively. Later on they can pass on the information perceived to the heads of the firm in the headquarters. The costs of producing for the firm have been quite more, while planning to promote and expands its business in some foreign countries. It would beneficial for the country to adopt the cost effective methods, cultures and raw materials from the domestic aspects of that area. This would raise the incentive for the organization to gain a better knowledge towards the culture, needs and demands of the people in that particular country. Hence, this would even solve the problem regarding publicity of the firm. The employees within the organization must be provided with various rewards and appraisals that would promote their loyalty towards the organization. The employee turnover rate would reduce and hence would strengthen the internal structure of the organization. The firm must address the problems that are faced by the employees belonging to different cultures in the organization. Assistance and privileges should be provided to all the employees of the organization that would help the employees to improve their stay as an employee and be faithful to the organization thereby raising its productivity and expansion capacity. Conclusion The management of the organisation is a difficult task and thus needs to be performed efficiently. The organisational behaviour model or the Scheins model is effective in determining the values and beliefs of the organisation (Martinez et al. 2015). The model is thus beneficial in understanding the values and beliefs of Walmart affect its culture. The artefacts and symbol, espoused values, and the basic underlying assumptions are the levels in the organisations that affect the organisation. The management and leadership aspects of the world largest retail industry, Walmart has been successful enough to raise the stability of the organizational culture and structure. They have followed various provision under the hierarchical functional structure followed within the firm. Both transactional and transformational leadership aspects have been undertaken by the senior heads and managers of the organization in order to overcome the adversities of the firm. Yet, these management skills and policies that are adhered in the organization is not efficient enough to eradicate all the issues that prevail under the organizational culture (Schneider, Ehrhart and Macey 2013). In order to pertain the effective solution to address these problems, the organization must undertake certain measures that would help in procuring the organisational culture and raise the productivity and expansion among different countries of the world. Reference Alvesson, M. and Sveningsson, S., 2015.Changing organizational culture: Cultural change work in progress. Routledge. Awadh, A.M. and Alyahya, M.S., 2013. Impact of organizational culture on employee performance.International Review of Management and Business Research,2(1), p.168. Azanza, G., Moriano, J.A. and Molero, F., 2013. Authentic leadership and organizational culture as drivers of employees job satisfaction.Revista de Psicologa del Trabajo y de las Organizaciones,29(2), pp.45-50. Babnik, K., Breznik, K., Dermol, V. and Trunk irca, N., 2014. The mission statement: organisational culture perspective.Industrial Management Data Systems,114(4), pp.612-627. By, R.T., Armenakis, A.A. and Burnes, B., 2015. Organizational change: A focus on ethical cultures and mindfulness.Journal of Change Management,15(1), pp.1-7. Chhokar, J.S., Brodbeck, F.C. and House, R.J. eds., 2013.Culture and leadership across the world: The GLOBE book of in-depth studies of 25 societies. Routledge. Denison, D., Nieminen, L. and Kotrba, L., 2014. Diagnosing organizational cultures: A conceptual and empirical review of culture effectiveness surveys.European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology,23(1), pp.145-161. Eisenberg, E.M., Goodall Jr, H.L. and Trethewey, A., 2013.Organizational communication: Balancing creativity and constraint. Macmillan Higher Education. Fullan, M., 2014.Leading in a culture of change personal action guide and workbook. John Wiley Sons. Hofstede, G., 2014. Organisational Culture Change Management. 2014. Hogan, S.J. and Coote, L.V., 2014. Organizational culture, innovation, and performance: A test of Schein's model.Journal of Business Research,67(8), pp.1609-1621. Iriana, R., Buttle, F. and Ang, L., 2013. Does organisational culture influence CRM's financial outcomes?.Journal of Marketing Management,29(3-4), pp.467-493. Knight, R.L., 2014. Organisational culture, change readiness and retention: a human services perspective. Kummerow, E. and Kirby, N., 2013. Organisational Culture: Concept, Context, and Measurement (In Two Volumes).World Scientific Books. Landy, F.J. and Conte, J.M., 2016.Work in the 21st Century, Binder Ready Version: An Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology. John Wiley Sons. Martinez, E.A., Beaulieu, N., Gibbons, R., Pronovost, P. and Wang, T., 2015. Organizational Culture and Performance.The American Economic Review,105(5), pp.331-335. Prevos, P. and Watson, I., 2013. Organisational culture and the risks of normality. Reiman, T. and Rollenhagen, C., 2014. Does the concept of safety culture help or hinder systems thinking in safety?.Accident Analysis Prevention,68, pp.5-15. Schein, E.H., 2014. Organizational culture and leadership [interaktyvus]. Schneider, B., Ehrhart, M.G. and Macey, W.H., 2013. Organizational climate and culture.Annual review of psychology,64, pp.361-388. Singh, H. and Chalil, G.R., 2013. Perceived Differences In Culture, Environmental Hostility And Firm Performance: A Study Of Indian Organizations Using Competing Value Framework. Walmart.com. (2017).Cite a Website - Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: https://www.walmart.com/ [Accessed 7 Jan. 2017]. Whelan, C., 2015. Organisational culture and cultural change: A network perspective.Australian New Zealand Journal of Criminology, p.0004865815604196. Wiewiora, A., Trigunarsyah, B., Murphy, G. and Coffey, V., 2013. Organizational culture and willingness to share knowledge: A competing values perspective in Australian context.International Journal of Project Management,31(8), pp.1163-1174. Zhu, A.Y., von Zedtwitz, M., Assimakopoulos, D. and Fernandes, K., 2016. The impact of organizational culture on Concurrent Engineering, Design-for-Safety, and product safety performance.International Journal of Production Economics,176, pp.69-81.
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Notes on Sustainability Essay Topics in Step by Step Order What Has to be Done About Sustainability Essay Topics As stated by the World Business Council for sustainable development, social responsibility on part of the company organizations is a commitment to operate in an ethical fashion and bring substantial changes in the neighborhood community and society to guarantee sustained economic improvement. Preservation, protection, and sustainability were words that weren't even used along with the surroundings. Wise executives realize the responsibility for developing a positive work environment cannot be delegated. Many big and little organizations are guilty of significantly polluting the surroundings and engaging in practices which are just not sustainable. Sustainable development is required and ought to be pursued in every sector. Geothermal could be an important resource later on once more through research was completed. Solar power has the most significant potential in the desert regions of earth including the Middle East and the South Western part of the usa. Introduction The environmental and sustainability report has gotten more and more important info to reflect the corporate social duty of the organization. Present environmental changes are largely because of the consequence of human pursuits. An effective implementation of sustainable techniques together with a functional traceability system needs to be adopted by every player to make sure that each of the facets of sustainability are followed. The significance of sustainable development should consist of improving the standard of human life and improving human health so as to make a good social and organic atmosphere. It does not mean raising the entire world's people to the same level of consumption. You're able to look through different argumentative essay examples and allow it to be clear to you the best way to finish a great persuasive paper. Once you get your completed essay, be certain to tell all your friends what a terrific service it is and what's the ideal place to purchase cheap essays. So if you're still uncertain how to compose a sustainability essay, begin with searching for the particular problem and searching for solutions. Writing a great persuasive essay is not a simple job, however, it's achievable. When prior brainstorming is finished, you can begin drafting your essay. Your task is to concentrate on a specific issue and create your research valuable. The idea of sustainability can, therefore, be expressed by many diverse words and word combinations to find relevant outcomes. The negative implications can be long term and they're hard to repair. The Fight Against Sustainability Essay Topics Thus, the development has to be in a position to defend the environment, including controlling of environmental pollution and improving the environmental quality. They're all connected by sustainability. It is vital to have a sustainable atmosphere. Fundamentally, human health depends upon a wholesome atmosphere. Designing through the sustainable design innovation, it's a new perspective to address the issue of human survival and living atmosphere. Sustainable development is about changing that. It employs a present site environment to supply a pure atmosphere for users. There isn't any doubt that CSR plays an extremely important function in ensuring controlled sustainable improvement. Sustainability Essay Topics Secrets Green building gives a healthful and comfortable atmosphere for people to keep away from the noisy city, and have moment of calmness. Sustainable elements ought to be selected the materials and technologies which do not need constant servicing. Students may bring their own mugs and glasses when buying beverages to prevent using paper cups which are not always recycled. The inside of the school was created with an open layout. What You Should Do About Sustainability Essay Topics Starting in the Next 6 Minutes Regions that still need fossil fuels to supply electricit y and heating may shell out a lot of money on imported fuels. The efforts that Nestle put into the environmental sustainability may raise the price of its business enterprise, but on the flip side, those efforts may also generate more production volume. Fortunately, there are not many measures that businesses can take to be able to enhance the sustainability of their company overall, and enhance the future of their company. The challenge we face is to make sustainable energy which is both environmentally friendly and affordable. Short-term measures can be made to stop immediate collapse but without a good network base the business can't be sustained. Many pressures are added to executives. Socially responsible investments have outperformed the benchmark in the past several decades, particularly in the event of Millennial investors. Among the biggest problems that numerous businesses have, particularly tiny businesses, is being in a position to enhance the sustainability of t heir company with time. Environmentally sustainable businesses might also have a competitive edge in regards to attracting customers and investors. Furthermore, organizations must look at external conditions. Several organizations are following the practices that aren't sustainable without thinking that a sustainable environment is vital for every nation. They are responsible for polluting the environment and getting involved in the practices that can cause harm to the environment.
Friday, April 10, 2020
Writing a Historiographical EssayThe Historiographical essay provides a new twist on traditional essay topics. It is one of the many academic writing options available to high school students today, especially for high school students interested in getting into college or university. Although it is a unique way to write a thesis, you still need to learn the other aspects of writing an essay as well as the high school basic rules and guidelines.Most high schoolers choose to write a thesis based on their history class. However, this can make them wary of choosing topics that do not fit into their topic area. This fear may make them choose subjects they might not enjoy learning about in high school. That is why you must take the time to research the topic before you begin your Historiographical essay.One of the best ways to research a topic is to ask the different classes where you took History last year. You can also try searching the internet. After you have found a subject that inter ests you, go through the details of the book in which you are reading and the history that surrounds it. The more you know about the subject, the easier it will be to write your Historiographical essay. This will allow you to choose more original and interesting topics to write on, especially since this type of essay is basically a retelling of a particular person's story.When you have chosen a topic for your Historiographical essay, you are almost ready to start writing. As a good historian knows, it is a form of writing that involves no emotions and no prejudices. Instead, it is essentially a compilation of facts and information about a specific event or person. By using this type of essay as a part of your education, you will be able to take your education to the next level. Moreover, it will give you the opportunity to use some traditional narrative writing skills that you have developed while in high school. Since it is not based on emotions, your essays will not suffer from un necessary nitpicking that is usually present in humanities and social science subjects.The very first thing you should do when writing your Historiographical essay is to prepare a brief outline of the theme. Your essay outline should be short but informative. It should cover all of the details of the topic but leave out any of the most controversial details. At the end of your outline, you should list your thesis statement. Your thesis statement is the central idea of your essay and it is the main reason why your essay will stand out from other essays. It should focus on a single event or person and provide an example of why the events or person deserve to be remembered.It is important to highlight the strength of your argument rather than focus on the weaknesses of the historical document. It is very easy to get bogged down in arguing a point. Therefore, you should never bring up points just to prove that they are correct. Instead, try to look at a specific event or person in a lig ht that makes it more understandable and relatable to the reader. For example, the history of the West may include every topic under the sun, but by focusing on the soldiers and the hardships that they face, you will be able to develop an even deeper understanding of the historical event.A Historiographical essay can help you become more knowledgeable and hopefully even inspire you to further your studies. There are so many topics to choose from, but by knowing the basic tips, you can select the ones that will fit your needs. By doing this, you will be able to write a Historiographical essay that not only stands out from other academic writing, but one that also creates an educational impact on your readers.
Monday, March 16, 2020
The Hidden Gem of Lgbt Argumentative Essay Topics After picking your subject, you should have the five forms of arguments at the rear of your head throughout your writing. You have all of the rights to set your viewpoints across, but you need to clearly understand your take, so think through your suggestions and see whether it actually does make sense. You may start off with an overriding question however, you are soon going to end up asking a lot more questions on your trip. You're an actual topic enthusiast! Getting the Best Lgbt Argumentative Essay Topics Moreover, LGBT is a worldwide trend issue nowaday and a few men and women begin to talk about doing it. As a consequence, stigmatization of the LGBT community will not have an end. The discrimination of LGBT representatives is a severe concern particularly when it comes to quality pursuing. It cannot be considered an internal issue. Such results demonstrate that LGBT equality is an absolutely feasible achievable job. LGBT discrimination is a substantial concern once it concerns the pursuing of equality. Gay marriage is understood to be a legal union between members of the exact same sex. Again, the simple truth is that homosexuality is multi-faceted. There's need to get around the practice because it does not permit students to unwind and concentrate on their studies for better academic outcomes. LGBT issues are extremely sensitive ones. Quite often professors may provide you an option of selecting your idea. Another reason is to observe how well students argue on distinct views and demonstrate understanding of the studied subject. Textbooks ought to be free. Genetic Engineering has the capacity to benefit many folks. You will be assigned a topic, or your professor will allow you to select your own. If you get to select your own topic, that's good. The topic has to be interesting, the topic has to be essential and finally the topic has to be informative. Quite frequently, the very best topic is one which you truly care about, but you also will need to get well prepared to research it. The subject of equality proceeds to progress. Different essay types need various questions. When you are finished with your essay, you must not just check it for spelling and grammatical errors, but nevertheless, it also has to be checked for logical fallacies. There are several steps which you should take as a way to compose an exemplary essay. It is crucial to remember an argumentative essay and an expository essay might be similar, but they vary greatly with regard to the sum of pre-writing and research involved. Religious groups are broken up on the situation of gay rights. Most issues can have essays on all the aforementioned questions. Recap the major points which you have addressed that you emphasize their importance. You have to come across good evidence to back up your ideas together with examples to illustrate the evidence. The Most Popular Lgbt Argumentative Essay Topics School should occur in the evenings. Students ought to be permitted to pray in school. School tests aren't powerful. To reach a compelling subject, you want to focus on a single issue as opposed to using several thoughts which often confuse the reader. When writing a crucial composition, it's recommended to pick contradictive topics. In choosing your topic, it's frequently a good concept to start out with a subject which you already have some familiarity with. It is crucial to begin with demonstrating the most important idea of the entire piece so you and your readers are going to be on the exact same page . Instead of just immediately writing about your argumentative essay topic, you should first think about what it is you're likely to put back on your paper through a procedure of brainstorming and pre-writing. When you've got a completed outline, you'll have a step-by-step guide that you're able to follow till you're done writing. The preparation procedure is time-consuming and demands serious strategy. Thus, it's important to read corresponding formatting guide. The Basics of Lgbt Argumentative Essay Topics Rationality is as much critical as the facts that you're presenting. A comprehensive argument As mentioned before, an argument does not need to be formal. Even if you think in a specific argument very strongly, if you lack the evidence to show your point, then your argument might just be as great as lost. Finding the most suitable arguments can help you prove your point and win. Hiring someone to write a college essay is such a superior method to acquire a superb result wh en you speak about a personalized essay. Reading example essays works precisely the same way! SATs ought to be eliminated.